From Wikipedia: Teachers College, Columbia University (sometimes referred to simply as Teachers College; also referred to as Teachers College of Columbia University or the Columbia University Graduate School of Education) is a graduate school of education located in New York City, New York, United States.
It was founded in 1887 by the philanthropist Grace Hoadley Dodge and philosopher Nicholas Murray Butler to provide a new kind of schooling for the teachers of the poor children of New York City, one that combined a humanitarian concern to help others with a scientific approach to human development. While Teachers College holds its own corporate status, the college is also a Faculty and academic department of Columbia University.
Teachers College faculty hold Columbia University appointments; its President is a Dean of the University; and all students receive their degrees by the University. ~~~ Beginning as a school to prepare home economists and manual art teachers for the children of the poor, the college affiliated with Columbia University in 1898 as Columbia University's Graduate School of Education. Under the terms of its affiliation with Columbia University, the University awards all master's degrees, Ph.D., and Ed.D. degrees to graduates of the College. ~~~ According to U.S. News & World Report's 2011 rankings, Teachers College, Columbia University currently ranks as the #4 education school in the nation. ~~~ The founders early recognized that professional teachers need reliable knowledge about the conditions under which children learn most effectively. As a result, the College's program from the start included such fundamental subjects as educational psychology and educational sociology. The founders also insisted that education must be combined with clear ideas about ethics and the nature of a good society; consequently programs were developed in the history of education and in comparative education.